Phonics Resource Pack for Parents

Phonics Presentation 
Phonics booklet for parents
Phase 2 keyword material
Phases High Frequency Word Cards
Squish Game

High Frequency Word Packs:

Phase 2
Phase 2 abbreviated
Phase 3
Phase 4
Phase 5


What is phonics?


Phonics involves the relationship between sounds and their spellings. The goal of phonics instruction is to teach children the most common sound-spelling relationships so that they can decode, or sound out, words. This decoding ability is a crucial element in reading success.

Phonics teaching is taught explicitly in our school.  Each day, all children in school receive a minimum of 20 minutes direct phonics teaching where they learn about sound-spelling relationships.  Within this they play fun, active, fast paced games and undertake a range of activities with opportunities to segment and blend words and apply learned grapheme-phoneme relationships to their reading and also learning phonics rules.


The school follows the Phonics Bug scheme to structure the daily phonics session. The Phonics Bug scheme aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills and provides a clear skills progression across school , with the aim of children becoming fluent readers by age seven.


Multi-sensory methods such as actions for the phonemes are also used to help motivate and engage children, and help them commit learning to memory.

This is the programme we follow:  

The Letters and Sounds programme is enhanced using the Jolly Phonics Scheme. This is a fun and child-centred approach to teaching literacy through synthetic phonics. It involves teaching the children actions for each of the 42 letter sounds.  This multi-sensory method is very motivating for children and teachers. The letter sounds are split into seven groups and are taught in a specific order (not alphabetically). This enables children to begin building words as early as possible.

Jolly Phonics teaches children five skills.


1.   Learning the letter sounds


Children are taught the 42 main letter sounds. This includes alphabet sounds as well as digraphs such as sh, th, ai and ue.


2.   Learning letter formation


Using different multi-sensory methods, children learn how to form and write the letters.


3.   Blending


Children are taught how to blend the sounds together to read and write new words.


4.   Identifying the sounds in words (Segmenting)


Listening for the sounds in words gives children the best start for improving spelling.


5.   Tricky words 


Tricky words have irregular spellings and children learn these separately.


Reading Scheme


The Book Banding reading scheme is in operation in our school.  This scheme includes a vast selection of reading books to give the children a broad and balanced range of reading material.  All books are carefully graded into reading levels known as book bands. Children are given a book band and can select books from different reading schemes that are within that level. Each book band has its own colour and the appropriate coloured label is stuck to the book.  The books are labelled into 12 colours which range from Working towards Level 1 up to National Curriculum Level 3.

Stage 1      Stage 2      Stage 3       Stage 4      Stage 5     Stage 6      Stage 7     Stage 8     Stage 9    Stage 10   Stage 11     Stage 12